Invest And Trade

A reasonably interchangeable good or material bought and sold freely as an article of commerce. Commodities include energy products like oil and natural gas, metals like gold, copper and nickel, and agricultural products like sugar, coffee, and soybean. are traded in bulk on a commodity exchange or spot market.

Commodity Futures
Commodity futures are contracts to buy/sell specific quantity of a particular commodity at a future date. It is similar to the Index futures and Stock futures but the underlying happens to be commodities instead of Stocks and indices

Why Commodity Futures?
Commodity futures trading performs two important functions, namely, price discovery and price risk management with reference to the given commodity.

It enables the ‘Consumer' in getting an idea of the price at which the commodity would be available at a future point of time. He can do proper costing and also cover his purchases by making forward contracts.

It is very useful to the ‘exporter' as it provides an advance indication of the price likely to prevail and thereby helps him in quoting a realistic price and secure export contract in a competitive market

It ensures balance in supply and demand position throughout the year and leads to integrated price structure throughout the country.

It also helps in removing risk of price uncertainty, encourages competition and acts as a price barometer to farmers and other functionaries in the economy.

Helps to lock in the price of the production as by taking positions in commodity futures you can effectively lock in the price at which you wish to sell your produce

Increase in holding power as you can store the underlying commodity in exchange approved warehouse and sell in the futures to realize the future value of the commodity.

By buying commodity futures, you can fix the price of your raw material and control your cost

Commodity Derivative Advantages:

Transparency and Fair Price Discovery: Trading in commodity futures is transparent and a process of fair price discovery is ensured through large-scale participation. The large participation also reflects views and expectations of a wider section of people concerned with that commodity.

Hedging: It provides a platform for producers to hedge their positions according to their exposure in physical commodity.

Trade on Low Margin: Commodity Futures traders are required to deposit low margins, roughly 5 to 10% of the total value of the contract, much lower compared to other asset classes. The low margin, which again varies across exchanges and commodities, facilitates the taking of large positions at lower capital.

No Counter party Risk: Much like the exchanges in the equity market, Commodity Futures market have Clearing Houses, which guarantee that the terms of the contracts are fulfilled, thereby eliminating the counter party risk.

Wide Participation: The emergence of online trading would enable growth in the commodity market, much akin to the one seen in the equity market. It would also ensure bringing the market closer to both, the user and the trader.

Evolved Pricing: The rise in participation would decrease the risk of cartelization, ensuring a holistic view on the commodity. Hence, pricing would be more practical and less irrational leading to Fair Price Discovery Mechanism.

Who invests in commodities ?
thik   Investors
thik   Producers / Farmers
thik   Importers / Exporters
thik   Commodity financers
thik   Agricultural credit providing agencies
thik   Hedgers, speculators, arbitrageurs
thik   Large scale consumers. For e.g. refiners, jewelers, textile mills
thik   Corporate having risk exposure in commodities.

Different types of commodities that are traded markets?
At present , following commodities are available for trading in Indian commodity exchanges


Gold & Silver

Oil & Seeds

Castor seeds, Castor Oil , Cotton seed oil cake , Mentha Oil


Pepper , Red Chilli, Jeera , Turmeric , Cardamom , Corriander


Copper , Nickel , Zinc , Aluminium


Kapas Cotton






Crude Oil , Natural Gas


Rubber , Guar Seed , Guar Gum, Sugar